1. Joseph C. Maroon, M.D. Fish Oil: The Natural Anti-inflammatory; Sep 2, 2009

2. Kiecolt-Glaser JK, et al. Omega-3 supplementation lowers inflammation in healthy middle-aged and older adults: A randomized controlled trial. Brain Behav Immun. 2012 Aug;26(6):988-95.;

Brain Health and Mood

3. Kesse-Guyot E, et al. Thirteen-year prospective study between fish consumption, long-chain n-3 fatty acids intakes and cognitive function. J Nutr Health Aging. 2011 Feb;15(2):115-20.

6. Sarah Conklin, Ph.D and Jennifer I. Harris, M.D. Omega 3 Fatty Acids Influence Mood, Impulsivity And Personality. University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (2006, March 3).

Heart Health

4. T A Mori, et al. Effects of varying dietary fat, fish, and fish oils on blood lipids in a randomized controlled trial in men at risk of heart disease. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. May 1994 vol. 59 no. 5;

13. Lisa J. Schwellenbach, PharmD, BCPS, et al. The Triglyceride-Lowering Effects of a Modest Dose of Docosahexaenoic Acid Alone Versus in Combination with Low Dose Eicosapentaenoic Acid in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease and Elevated Triglycerides. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. December 2006 vol. 25 no. 6 480-485.

14. Neil J. Stone, M.D.; Fish Consumption, Fish Oil, Lipids, and Coronary Heart Disease. Circulation. 1996; 94: 2337-2340;

Fat and Weight-Related Research

5. Hye-Kyeong Kim, et al. Docosahexaenoic Acid Inhibits Adipocyte Differentiation and Induces Apoptosis in 3T3-L1 Preadipocytes. J. Nutr. December 2006 vol. 136 no. 12;

8. L-Y Yang, et al. Lipolysis of menhaden oil triacylglycerols and the corresponding fatty acid alkyl esters by pancreatic lipase in vitro: a reexamination. Journal of Lipid Research; Volume 31, 1990;

9. J. Dyerberg, P. Madsen, J.M. Moller. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids. Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of Fatty Acids and Lipids. September 2010, Volume 83, Issue 3, Pages 137-141.

Lifespan/Overall Health

7. Danaei G, et al. The Preventable Causes of Death in the United States: Comparative Risk Assessment of Dietary, Lifestyle, and Metabolic Risk Factors; Public Library of Science Medicine Journal; Vol. 6, April, 2009. http://

Absorption and Assimilation

15. Belluzzi A, Brignola C, Campieri M, Camporesi EP, Gionchetti P, Rizzello F, Belloli C, De Simone G, Boschi S, Miglioli M, et al. Effects of new fish oil derivative on fatty acid phospholipid-membrane pattern in a group of Crohn’s disease patients. Dig Dis Sci. 1994 Dec;39(12):2589-94.

10. Beckermann B., Beneke M. Steitz I., 1990. Comparative bioavailability of eicosapentaenoic acid and docasehexaenoic acid from triglycerides, free fatty acids and ethyl esters in volunteers. Arzneimittelforschung. June; 40(6):700-4;

11. Lawson LD, Hughes BG. Absorption of eicosapentaenoic acid and
docosahexaenoic acid from fish oil triacylglycerols or fish oil ethyl esters co-ingested with a high-fat meal. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1988 Oct 31;156(2):960-3.

Krill Oil Claims

NAD on Krill Oil Claims. ASRC News. New York, NY – March 3, 2009. http://